Excessive flaking of dead skin on the scalp is dandruff. People between ages 16-80 may suffer from this condition. While mild dandruff requires only shampooing and using a cleanser, persistent condition requires special attention as the condition can be quite embarrassing and annoying.
The fungus Malassezia furfur causes dandruff mainly. Excessive stress, hormonal imbalance, improper nutrition, genetic predisposition, stress and anxiety, improper shampooing of scalp can also lead to dandruff. Cold weather and dry indoor heating are other factors that can lead to dandruff.
A proper shampoo suitable to you should be used continuously for the treatment of dandruff. Generally, zinc pyrithione, Ketoconazole, selenium sulphide shampoos and salicyclic acid are prescribed for the treatment of this condition.
Massaging the scalp with fenugreek paste, almond oil or lemon juice mixed with vinegar also treats mild dandruff and are some popular home remedies. Eggs can be beaten and the mixture can be massaged on the hair and scalp or you can mix 100 gm witch hazel with a little bit of lemon juice and apply it on hair and scalp for immediate relief.
You should also take care to not use excessive hair styling gels or sprays or wear tight fitting hats to guard yourself against dandruff. Good personal hygiene, good diet, avoiding improper shampooing and nutritional supplements will help in maintaining good scalp and hair. While dandruff occurs due to the natural process of the human body, efforts can be made to control it. Neem oil also offers relief for itchiness and redness of scalp associated with dandruff and psoriasis conditions. You must restrict yourself from changing shampoos every day and stick to one that suits your constitution and scalp condition. Keeping the scalp clean by regular cleansing is itself enough to prevent hair fall and other hair related problems.